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Paranoia FYI

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  • #16
    This site is about immigration issues; not medical or health.
    Immigration issues about jumping from the roof and breaking toes???? Or about having treesomes??? Or even about kicking people in the *** and running them over with a bus and murdering them............??? Or! about having imaginary friends.................???

    Some scientists believe paranoia may be a reaction to high levels of life stress. Lending support to this opinion is the evidence that paranoia is more prevalent among IMMIGRANTS, prisoners, and others undergoing severe stress.

    Paranoia is a term used by mental health specialists to describe suspiciousness (or mistrust) that is either highly exaggerated or not warranted at all. The word is often used in everyday conversation, often in anger, often incorrectly. Simple suspiciousness is not paranoia--not if it is based on past experience or expectations learned from the experience of others.

    -- Derek worked in a large office as a computer programmer. When another programmer received a promotion, Derek felt that the supervisor "had it in for him" and would never recognize his worth. He was sure that his co-workers were subtly downgrading him. Often he watched as others took coffee breaks together and imagined they spent this time talking about him. If he saw a group of people laughing, he knew they were laughing at him. He spent so much time brooding about the mistreatment he received that his work suffered and his supervisor told him he must improve or receive a poor performance rating. This action reinforced all Derek's suspicions, and he looked for and found a position in another large company. After a few weeks on his new job, he began to feel that others in the office didn't like him, excluded him from all conversations, made fun of him behind his back, and eroded his position. Derek has changed jobs six times in the last seven years. Derek has paranoid personality disorder.

    Some people regularly become suspicious without cause--so much so that their paranoid thoughts disrupt their work and family life.

    An unmistakable sign of paranoia is continual mistrust. People with paranoid personality disorder are constantly on their guard because they see the world as a threatening place. They tend to confirm their expectations by latching on to any speck of evidence that supports their suspicions and ignore or misinterpret any evidence to the contrary. They are ever watchful and may look around for signs of a threat.

    Anyone in a new situation--beginning a job or starting a relationship, for example--is cautious and somewhat guarded until he or she learns that the fears are groundless. People suffering from paranoia cannot abandon their fears. They continue to expect trickery and to doubt the loyalty of others.

    Because persons with paranoid personality disorder are hyperalert, they notice any slight and may take offense where none is intended. As a result, they tend to be defensive and antagonistic. When they are at fault, they cannot accept blame, not even mild criticism. Yet they are highly critical of others.

    Paranoid thinking and behavior are hallmarks of the form of schizophrenia called "paranoid schizophrenia." Individuals with paranoid schizophrenia commonly have extremely bizarre delusions or hallucinations, almost always on a specific theme. Sometimes they hear voices that others cannot hear or believe that their thoughts are being controlled.

    Abuse of drugs such as amphetamines, cocaine, marijuana, PCP, LSD, or other stimulants or "psychedelic" compounds may lead to symptoms of paranoid thinking or behavior.

    In spite of the treatment difficulties, patients with a paranoid disorder may function quite well. Even though their paranoid views are apparently unshakable, various treatments appear effective in improving social functioning, so that they do not often require lengthy hospitalization.

    Good Luck.


    • #17
      This site is about immigration issues; not medical or health.
      Immigration issues about jumping from the roof and breaking toes???? Or about having treesomes??? Or even about kicking people in the *** and running them over with a bus and murdering them............??? Or! about having imaginary friends.................???[/quote]

      Actually this site is dedicated to a mental health care !
      I am here to tell who is sick and who is healthy !
      Anyone who disagrees with me or has an opinion diferring from mine is mentally ill !!!
      Freedom of thought and expression doesn't mean you can state ideas and thoughts that I don't approve of !!!

      And if you do, here is your diagnosis !!!

      PARANOIA !

      In popular culture, the term paranoia is usually used to describe excessive concern about one's own well-being, sometimes suggesting a person holds persecutory beliefs concerning a threat to themselves or their property and is often linked to a belief in conspiracy theories.

      The term is more typically used in a general sense to signify any delusion, or more specifically, to signify a delusion involving the fear of persecution. The exact use of the term has changed over time, and because of this, psychiatric usage may vary.

      In psychiatry, the term paranoia was used by Emil Kraepelin to describe a mental illness in which a delusional belief is the sole, or most prominent feature. In his original attempt at classifying different forms of mental illness, Emil Kraepelin used the term pure paranoia to describe a condition where a delusion was present, but without any apparent deterioration in intellectual abilities and without any of the other features of dementia praecox, the condition later renamed schizophrenia.

      In the original Greek, παράνοια (paranoia) means simply madness (para = outside; nous = mind). Kraepelin developed a definition from this root involving delusional beliefs. Notably, in his definition, the belief does not have to be persecutory to be classified as paranoid, so any number of delusional beliefs can be classified as paranoia. For example, a person who has the sole delusional belief that he is an important religious figure would be classified by Kraepelin as having 'pure paranoia'.

      Although the diagnosis of pure paranoia is no longer used (having been superseded by the diagnosis of delusional disorder) the use of the term to signify the presence of delusions in general, rather than persecutory delusions specifically, lives on in the classification of paranoid schizophrenia, which denotes a form of schizophrenia where delusions are prominent.

      More recently, the clinical use of the term has been used to describe delusions where the affected person believes they are being persecuted. Specifically, they have been defined as containing two central elements:

      The individual thinks that harm is occurring, or is going to occur, to him or her.
      The individual thinks that the persecutor has the intention to cause harm.
      Paranoia is often associated with psychotic illnesses, particularly schizophrenia, although attenuated features may be present in other primarily non-psychotic diagnoses, such as paranoid personality disorder

      In the unrestricted use of the term, common paranoid delusions can include the belief that the person is being followed, poisoned or loved at a distance (often by a media figure or important person, a delusion known as erotomania or de Clerambault syndrome).

      Other common paranoid delusions include the belief that the person has an imaginary disease or parasitic infection (delusional parasitosis); that the person is on a special quest or has been chosen by God; that the person has had thoughts inserted or removed from conscious thought; or that the person's actions are being controlled by an external force.

      Many despotic rulers (for example Stalin) allegedly suffered from paranoia. This presents an interesting question because in Stalin's case, it is quite likely that many people really were out to get him (some theories concerning his death hypothesize that he was poisoned). The possibility exists that with enough enemies, it is impossible to be clinically paranoid. It still might be possible to identify a paranoid in that situation via his unrealistic assessment of the relative threat presented by various enemies, but it is not clear that non-paranoid persons are all that good at this. This raises interesting philosophical questions about the criteria by which we can diagnose a belief as paranoid or delusional, as well as prompting the joke that "Just because you're paranoid doesn't mean they're not out to get you".

      The general suspiciousness of modern intellectuals also makes separating paranoid thinking from normal frequently a perplexing task. Freud once wrote to his friend Marie Bonaparte, "The moment a man asks about the meaning and value of life, from that moment he is sick, since neither has any objective existence." This puts just about all of us in the asylum. The paranoid discovers more order and meaning in the world than is really there, but in doing so, he or she is just like everyone else. Freud frequently observed, with strategic humor, the likeness of his own thinking with paranoia: both the psychoanalyst and the paranoid look beneath the apparently peaceful surface of appearances to find the hidden hostile motives.

      Freud's own personal combination of grandiosity, suspicion, and hostility has been a frequent one among the most important modern intellectuals. It appears as well in Descartes, Bacon, Hobbes, Swift, Rousseau, Nietzsche, and Strindberg, the last three clearly suffering from Delusional Disorder. The greatest works of modern literature also abound with paranoid characters: Don Quixote (Cervantes), Gulliver (Swift), Julien Sorel (Stendhal), Captain Ahab (Melville), Masterbuilder Solness (Ibsen), Captain Alving (Strindberg), K. (in Kafka), Stephen Daedalus (Joyce) and just about all of Thomas Pynchon's central characters all suffer from persecution and conspiracy to one degree or another, showing that power of paranoia and the problem of separating paranoid from normal are not just symptoms but major preoccupations among modern western intellectuals.

      Paranoia depicted in popular culture
      In popular culture paranoia is often represented as including:

      Belief in having special powers or being on a special mission (a "delusion of grandeur")
      Conspiracy theories, such as seeing seemingly unrelated news events as parts of a larger, typically conspiratorial plan
      Exaggerated fear of terrorists, criminals or bandits
      Black helicopters and other mass surveillance
      Persecution from powerful adversaries such as UFOs, terrorists, the Men in Black, secret societies or demons
      Mind control through invisible rays, and tinfoil hats to combat them
      Fear of poisoning, adulterated food (e.g., aspartame) or water (e.g., fluoridation) as part of a secret plot
      Reading a story, watching a movie, or listening to a song and feeling that one's life is exactly like that of the subject of said story, movie, or song. The movie The Truman Show, which depicted a man who discovers his entire life has been filmed as a TV show, is one of the more commonly referrenced films.
      The maxim: Just because you're paranoid doesn't mean that they aren't really out to get you.


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