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Thread: Article: DAPA and The 5th Circuit--Three Reasons Why Obama Failed to Win Approval of

  1. #1

    Article: DAPA and The 5th Circuit--Three Reasons Why Obama Failed to Win Approval of

    DAPA and The 5th Circuit--Three Reasons Why Obama Failed to Win Approval of the Policy Change


    Its a sad day for immigrants who simply want a chance. DAPA falls, Obama fails, and politics live.…/fifth-circuit-court-of-appeals-rul…

    A federal appeals court on Tuesday denied the Obama administration’s request to lift a hold on the president’s executive actions on immigration, which would have granted protection from deportation as well as work permits to millions of immigrants in the country illegally.
    Two of three judges on a panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, in New Orleans, left in place an injunction by a federal district judge in Brownsville, Tex. The ruling comes in a lawsuit by 26 states against actions President Obama took in November. Many of the initiatives were scheduled to take effect this month.The appeals court found that Texas and the other states did have sufficient legal grounds to bring the lawsuit and that the administration had not shown it would be harmed if the injunction remained in the place and the programs were further delayed.

    You can read the decision and the dissent here.  

    Why did this happen? Many people will tell you that it is because the lawyers for Texas did a great job in finding the right District Court Judge (Hanen), and then lucked into a majority GOP 5th Circuit Panel to win a 2-1 decision. That is true. What most folks will not tell you is why we here in the first place.

    What was Texas actually complaining about? That DAPA was going to cause them to issue driver's licenses that would cost the state money. A farce, but a farce that played well enough to three judges. And, that Obama did not publish what it argued was a "rule" or "regulation" in the Federal Register (Obama argued it was a "policy" change and thus did not need to get published in the Federal Register). That's it. Okay, the state's also argued about unconstitutional blather, but that was never decided and frankly, they lose on that issue.

    So, WHY did Obama's DAPA policy fail. Its rather simple. First, Obama did not publish his DAPA policy in the Federal Register. Some very smart people pointed out to Obama shortly after Judge Hanen's decision that all he had to do to address the Judge's complaint was to publish notice, under the Administrative Procedures Act, claim emergent circumstances (which he could justify), and the program could have taken effect by May. Of course, Obama did not do this. Perhaps on the advise of his lawyers he chose to fight rather than just completing the administrative step of publication. Or, perhaps he wanted the program to be held up for political gain.

    Second, Obama also lost because he did not have the right attorneys on this case. Obama's lawyers were NOT immigration lawyers from the DOJ, but rather attorneys from the Office of Civil Rights who were NOT experts on immigration law. This was obvious when they did not understand how USCIS works, how it issues work permits for three years to those who should not have gotten them, and how they failed to follow up timely with Judge Hanen on clarifying his order about the ENTIRE Policy Memo Stay issued by the Judge. It this case, I am going to blame the lawyers.

    Finally, Obama underestimated the hatred of him and his policies by those opposed to him and to a sensible Immigration policy change. People like the Governor of Texas do not care about national elections. He does not care that the GOP will now certainly lose the presidential election in 2016. They do not care that the next democratic president will likely nominate three more Supreme Court justices (possibly four) and that the GOP will lose the next generation of important cases and political arguments. People like the Governor of Texas only care about themselves and the now, not about the big picture of national politics and the future. Because Obama does not get this, he did not see this litigation coming, and he did not plan accordingly.

    DAPA is not dead, but it does sleep. The next move is in Obama's court. Let's see whether he not only talks the talk, but walks the walk. He can publish in the Federal Register tomorrow and start the clock running on a DAPA effective date, or he can continue fighting what is a losing battle in Texas. Sometimes, it best to know when to switch strategies. That time is now.

    This post originally appeared on "Musings on Immigration: An Immigraiton Attorney's Perspective on Life, Liberty and Happiness". Reprinted with permission.

    About The Author

    Charles Kuck is the Managing Partner of Kuck Immigration Partners LLC-The Immigration Law Firm, and oversees its nationwide immigration practice. His practice focuses on U.S. Immigration and Nationality Law and international migration matters. Mr. Kuck assists employers and employees with business and professional visas, labor certifications, immigrant visas, consular representation, and citizenship matters. Mr. Kuck also maintains an active Federal Court practice focusing on immigration issues.

    The opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the opinion of

  2. #2
    Retired INS
    Thank you for the excellent observation. I agree that President Obama is less concerned with DAPA being approved than he is about getting his way. If he really cared he would have pushed the Dream Act in his first two years, when the Dems controlled Congress. The Dream Act was originally a Republican idea (Orin Hatch, among others). My daughter worked for Republican Congressman Chris Cannon, he sponsored the Dream Act in the House. Congressman Cannon was defeated in a Utah Republican primary because voters thought he was soft on immigration issues. I am a conservative Republican who supports the Dream Act. I spent 39 years with immigration and have seen hardships on the children. I don't support DAPA, but I agree with you the President could have gotten it through had he published it in the Federal Register. I would have written a scholarly opposition to it, which would have been ignored. In 1983 I was the INS Port Director in Laredo, Texas and wrote in opposition to the INS ending the issuance of U.S. Citizen ID cards. I warned that these cards would be needed if immigration reform was ever passed. When IRCA was passed I could give work authorization to illegal aliens, but I could not help U.S. citizens who had no immediate proof of citizenship. Thousands of American citizens were denied employment for the lack of an acceptable ID. Something is wrong when I could help illegal aliens but not U.S. citizens.

  3. #3
    David Gardner

    Immigration Advocates should push for publication of DAPA in the Federal Register

    Thank you for this thoughtful article. It is not too late. Instead of politicizing this issue and blaming one political party and the Judges in Texas, immigration advocates who care about this issue should be calling on the Administration to publish DAPA and other proposed programs in the Federal Register. A notice period for public comments would be healthy and could lead to improvements in the final rule.
    In the meantime, there is nothing to prevent the Administration granting Deferred Action on an individual basis to applicants who would otherwise have qualified for DAPA.

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