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  • News: CBP Publishes Use of Force Statistics

    CBP Use of Force Statistics

    U.S. Customs and Border Protection is charged with enforcing the nation’s laws while protecting the civil rights and civil liberties of every individual with whom we interact. CBP’s authority to enforce the law, even to the point of lethal force, appropriately bears the burden of accountability, which includes integrity and transparency.

    Since Commissioner R. Gil Kerlikowske’s Senate confirmation in March 2014, CBP has implemented and continues to implement significant policy, procedural, training, and programmatic reforms that have equipped CBP law enforcement personnel to carry out their duties more safely and effectively. Reforms have also improved CBP’s ability to investigate and review use of force incidents to determine whether the application of force is consistent with the law and policy.

    At the Commissioner’s direction, CBP published its use of force policy in May 2014 and use of force statistics in October 2015. Furthering the Commissioner’s intent regarding transparency, CBP will update the use of force data on a monthly basis, which includes a breakdown by Sector, Field Office, and Air and Marine region.  This is accomplished through the CBP Use of Force Center of Excellence.

    These data reflect individual uses of force, not incidents, by CBP law enforcement personnel to include U.S. Border Patrol agents, CBP officers, and air and marine interdiction agents. There may be multiple uses of force applied during an incident.

    Uses of force declined more than 26 percent from Fiscal Year 2014 to FY 2015. This reduction is especially noteworthy, considering that assaults against agents and officers essentially remained steady. During FY 2015, the U.S. Border Patrol recorded 337,117 apprehensions, which includes unaccompanied children and families, and CBP officers stopped 225,342 inadmissible individuals from entering the United States through the nation’s ports of entry.

    Below are CBP use of force statistics including FY 2016 year-to-date (October 1, 2015 – August 31, 2016).  Year-to-date tables were prepared September 1, 2016; any uses of force entered after this date for the time period are not reflected in these tables.

    For reporting purposes, CBP categorizes use of force as “firearm,”  “less-lethal device,” or “other less-lethal force.” A CBP law enforcement officer’s use of a baton, electronic control weapon, or other less-lethal device is reflected in the “Less-Lethal Device” column below. The “Other” column includes less-lethal uses of force, such as offensive driving techniques, physical strike, or applications of force other than a firearm or less-lethal device.

    Footnote: Acronyms used in the tables below:

    • AMO: Air and Marine Operations
    • OFO: Office of Field Operations
    • USBP: U.S. Border Patrol
    • FY: Fiscal Year
    • FYTD: Fiscal Year to Date

    Data sources:  Use of Force Reporting System (UFRS) and Assaults and Use of Force Reporting System (AUFRS)

    Prior-Year Use of Force Statistics

    CBP USE OF FORCE BY FISCAL YEAR (FY 2011 - 2015)
      FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015
    Firearm 60 58 48 29 28
    Less-Lethal Device and Other Less-Lethal Force 1119 874 1167 1008 728
    Total 1179 932 1215 1037 756
    CBP USE OF FORCE FY 15 (Oct 1, 2014 - Sep 30, 2015)
      Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other Total
    AMO 3 18 3 24
    OFO 2 57 14 73
    USBP 23 415 221 659
    Total 28 490 238 756

     

    Year to Date Use of Force Statistics

    CBP USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
    (Oct 1, 2015 - Aug 31, 2016 and Oct 1, 2014 - Aug 31, 2015)
      Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
      FYTD16 FYTD15 FYTD16 FYTD15 FYTD16 FYTD15
    AMO 0 3 38 18 0 3
    OFO 8 2 66 50 23 13
    USBP 12 21 508 388 226 204
    Total 20 26 612 456 249 220
    AMO USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
    (Oct 1, 2015 - Aug 31, 2016 and Oct 1, 2014 - Aug 31, 2015)
      Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
    Region FYTD16 FYTD15 FYTD16 FYTD15 FYTD16 FYTD15
    Northern 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Southeast 0 3 37 16 0 0
    Southwest 0 0 1 2 0 3
    Total 0 3 38 18 0 3
    OFO USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
    (Oct 1, 2015 - Aug 31, 2016 and Oct 1, 2014 - Aug 31, 2015)
      Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
    Office FYTD16 FYTD15 FYTD16 FYTD15 FYTD16 FYTD15
    Atlanta Field Operations 0* 0 0 0 3 0
    Baltimore Field Operations 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Boston Field Operations 0 0 1 3 0 0
    Buffalo Field Operations 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Canada Preclearance 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Caribbean Preclearance 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Chicago Field Operations 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Detroit Field Operations 0 2 1 3 0 4
    El Paso Field Operations 0 0 7 3 0 1
    Houston Field Operations 0 0 3 0 4 0
    Ireland Preclearance 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Laredo Field Operations 2 0 9 9 8 4
    Los Angeles Field Operations 0 0 0 1 1 0
    Miami Field Operations 0 0 2 0 0 0
    New Orleans Field Operations 0 0 0 0 0 0
    New York Field Operations 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Portland Field Operations 0 0 0 0 0 0
    San Diego Field Operations 5 0 32 25 1 1
    San Francisco Field Operations 0 0 0 0 0 0
    San Juan Field Operations 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Seattle Field Operations 0 0 0 1 0 2
    Tampa Field Operations 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Tucson Field Operations 1 0 11 5 6 1
    Total 8 2 66 50 23 13

    * Note: An Office of Field Operations (OFO) firearms incident for the Atlanta Field Operations Office involving an intentional discharge that was not a use of force was previously reported as a use of force in these statistics.  This has been corrected in the system, subtracting one firearms use of force from the OFO and, consequently, CBP totals beginning with the July report and moving forward.

    USBP USE OF FORCE BY TYPE AND FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
    (Oct 1, 2015 - Aug 31, 2016 and Oct 1, 2014 - Aug 31, 2015)
      Firearm Less-Lethal Device Other
    Sector FYTD16 FYTD15 FYTD16 FYTD15 FYTD16 FYTD15
    Big Bend 0 5 4 6 3 1
    Blaine 0 1 0 1 0 0
    BORTAC* 0 1 1 1 0 3
    Buffalo 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Del Rio 0 1 13 4 5 0
    Detroit 0 0 3 5 0 2
    El Centro 1 0 174 53 10 11
    El Paso 1 0 33 33 7 3
    Grand Forks 0 0 1 3 4 4
    Havre 0 0 0 1 0 0
    Houlton 0 0 3 1 1 0
    Laredo 0 1 43 42 18 12
    Miami 0 0 0 0 0 0
    New Orleans 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Ramey 0 0 0 1 0 0
    Rio Grande Valley 2 3 67 88 62 73
    San Diego 1 6 51 68 26 10
    Spokane 0 0 0 0 0 0
    Swanton 0 0 0 1 0 0
    Tucson 4 3 109 69 78 83
    Yuma 1 0 6 11 12 2
    Total 12 21 508 388 226 204

    * BORTAC refers to border tactical teams that may not be assigned to a Sector

     

    Assault Statistics

    ASSAULTS AGAINST CBP LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL BY FISCAL YEAR
    (FY 2011-2015)
      FY 11 FY 12 FY 13 FY 14 FY 15
    Assaults 675 555 468 373 390
    ASSAULTS AGAINST CBP LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL BY FISCAL YEAR TO DATE
    (Oct 1, 2015 - August 31, 2016 and Oct 1, 2014 - July 31, 2015)
      FYTD 16 FYTD 15 % Change
    AMO 27 29 -7%
    OFO 58 NA* -
    USBP 404 360 12%
    Total 489 397 23%

     *OFO began reporting all assault data in CBP’s AUFRS database in FY 2016.

    Last published: 
    September 26, 2016
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