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The global population of people who have been displaced by persecution, conflict, violence, and human rights violations has gotten so large that it is not possible to resettle more than a relatively small fraction of them.
According to the UNHCR's Global Trends for Displacement in 2018, as of the end of 2018, there were 70.8 million displaced people worldwide. This included 25.9 million refugees — about half of whom were under the age of 18 — and 3.5 million people awaiting decisions on asylum applications.
UNHCR's mandate covers 20.4 million of the refugees. The other 5.5 million are Palestine refugees who are handled by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees.
Eighty percent of the refugees are hosted by countries neighboring the refugees’ countries of origin.

UNHCR submitted 81,300 refugees for resettlement in 2018. If one includes additional refugees that countries accepted on their own, total resettlement for the year was 92,400.

U.S. refugee program

The number of refugees the United States accepts each year is set by the president in consultation with Congress. I attended five of these consultations when I was the counsel for the Democrats on the House Immigration Subcommittee.

The consultations I staffed, which were conducted in a private conference room, were attended by the Secretary of State, the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Judiciary Committee, the Chairman and Ranking Member of the immigration subcommittee, and support staff.

The Secretary would submit a written report before the meeting and then present an oral summary of the report and answer questions at the meeting.

Knowledgeable organizations, such as HIAS, helped me to prepare meeting memoranda and questions for the Democratic members.

Read more at https://thehill.com/opinion/immigrat...sylum-programs
Published originally on The Hill.

Nolan Rappaport was detailed to the House Judiciary Committee as an executive branch immigration law expert for three years. He subsequently served as an immigration counsel for the Subcommittee on Immigration, Border Security and Claims for four years. Prior to working on the Judiciary Committee, he wrote decisions for the Board of Immigration Appeals for 20 years. Follow him on Twitter @NolanR1